The four pillars of education for diabetic patients, critical care illness and to achieve positive results in the treatment are:
Self-control is the ways through which the patient can achieve monitor their blood sugar levels, allowing you to make the best decisions to manage diabetes.
The results of this monitoring can inform the person about:
- Running your medication.
- How it affects blood sugar levels of the food you eat.
- How their daily activities affect your blood sugar level.
Food is a key control component Diabetes. For foods that can be eaten and to be avoided, the guidance of a specialist who will adapt the diet according to each particular case considering the age, physical activity, weight and diseases that can have the patient is necessary.
Diet plan should include foods from three food groups (carbohydrates, proteins and fats) in amounts that will promote good control of the disease.
General feeding recommendations
It is important to know that carbohydrates are the constituents of foods that are commonly known as sugars. Among these, sucrose and products containing it cannot be consumed by the diabetic patient.
Although the recommendations are mainly individual, there are some general to be taken into account:
- Do not consume the same meal two foods that provide a significant amount of carbohydrates (eg potatoes and noodles).
- Split into five or six meals a contribution of carbohydrates for each consumption amount is small and can be metabolized properly without producing Postprandial Hyperglycemia.
Foods that contain carbohydrates:
Carbohydrates (or sugars) foods are found almost exclusively in plant foods, such as fruits and vegetables. While they do not contain carbohydrates are those that provide protein such as meat, chicken, turkey, pork, lamb, fatty foods such as oil, among others.
Forbidden foods in the diet of a diabetic patient:
Patients with diabetes should not eat carbohydrates that provide quick absorption. These include: cakes, sweet drinks, candy, ice cream, milk desserts, sugar, canned fruit, honey, jam, delicacy, among others.
In addition, it reduces overall food intake, under the supervision of a specialist, in order to reduce calorie intake.
We recommend eating high-fiber foods that do not contain cholesterol, but they do possess monounsaturated and polyunsaturated as olives, olive oil, avocado, walnuts, almonds, peanuts and fish fats.
Exercise is one of the fundamental pillars for achieving good care and control of diabetes.
It is proven that regular physical activity can reduce blood sugar levels, and can enhance the effect that causes insulin. Exercise also helps reduce cardiovascular risk factors and benefits the self-esteem.
In some cases, care of the diabetic patient should be supplemented with drugs, which will be prescribed and monitored by the treating physician.
Depending on the needs of each patient medication can be HGO and / or insulin.